In this approach, all development proposals should consider and plan for transport and access against a vision, focussed on enabling people to travel by active and sustainable means. In particular, plans should be considered in a hierarchical way as follows:
Reducing the need to travel - ensuring that high quality digital connectivity is provided to enable working and access to services from home, and that necessary services and facilities are planned and provided in close proximity to new housing areas which can be accessed through safe and direct walking and cycling routes.Planning for sustainable travel modes - ensuring that new development is primarily designed to enable movement by active travel and public/shared transport, and that sites are well connected to surrounding sustainable transport networks. The street and movement network should be designed to focus on enabling residents to be able to walk and cycle, and easily access public transport options.Providing for zero emission vehicle use - ensuring that any essential vehicle travel for people and goods is prioritised for zero carbon emission vehicles, with adequate charging and other supporting infrastructure provided as per the following standards:For residential development, each new residential unit with an allocated parking space should be provided with an electric vehicle charging point. At least 25% of non-allocated spaces (with a minimum of 2) should be provided with an electric vehicle charging point.For non-residential development, at least 25% of spaces should be provided with electric vehicle charging points.
Provision of EV charging instructure should be integrated in the masterplanning for new development form the outset, alongside provision for full fibre broadband, 5G mobile networks, and sustainable energy provision.
The spatial context of any proposed development would also be important in determining the detail of proposals within the sustainable travel hierarchy, and certain measures will be more suited to certain locations than others. However, at all times measures at the top of the hierarchy should be robustly considered first, before moving on to measures further down the hierarchy. Provision and management of parking should also be considered in this context, recognising priority for zero emission vehicles. It will also be important that planning and development takes into account relevant more detailed guidance such as the walking and cycling design guidance as part the LTCP and accessibility guidance, as well as ensuring connectivity with existing walking/cycling networks identified in Local Cycling and Walking Infrastructure Plans.
The diagram that follows sets out key questions to consider through the hierarchical approach.
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